Saturday, March 30, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

WBCS General Knowledge on Ancient Indian History P7


Page 7

8761. Under whose Patronage was Kailas Temple at Ellora constructed
A
Pallavas
B
Cholas
C
Chalukya
D
Rastrakut
D
Correct Answer: D. Rastrakut
Explanation: It is a rock-cut Hindu temple in Maharastra. Most of the excavation of the temple is generally attributed to the eighth century Rashtrakuta king Krishna I.
2762. In which ancient text do you find the earliest reference to the Varna System?
A
Atharva Veda
B
Satapatha Brahmana
C
Manu Samhita
D
Rigveda
D
Correct Answer: D. Rigveda
Explanation: Purusha Sukta, 10th mandala of vedas mention the four varnas by name - although the word 'varṇa' itself is not mentioned. 1st and 10th mandalas were compiled in the later Vedic period.
3263. The oldest Veda is
A
Yajurveda
B
Samveda
C
Atharvaveda
D
Rigveda
D
Correct Answer: D. Rigveda
Explanation: Rig Vedas is the oldest religious text in the world. It contains 1,208 hymns and 10,600 verses. Consist of 10 mandalas.
171464. Tahkik-i-hind was written by?
A
Alberuni
B
Al-Baradari
C
Suleman
D
Al-Masud
A
Correct Answer: A. Alberuni
Explanation: Alberuni came to India with Mahmud of Ghazni during his Indian invasion. Alberuni was one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era.
8965. Ankor Wat' was built by
A
Suryavarman
B
Kaniska
C
Chandragnpta II
D
Ajatasatru
A
Correct Answer: A. Suryavarman
Explanation: It is the largest religious monument in the world, located in Cambodia. Initially it was a Hindu temple (dedicated to Vishnu) for the Khmer Empire and gradually transformed into a Buddhist temple. It was build by Suryavarman II.
3766. Who discovered the Indus Valley civilization?
A
Rakhaldas Banerjee
B
A. L. Basham
C
Sir Leonard Wooley
D
V. S. Agarwal
A
Correct Answer: A. Rakhaldas Banerjee
Explanation: An archaeological campaign was started under Sir John Hubert Marshall(Sir John Marshall). The other members are Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni and Madho Sarup Vats. They began excavating Harappa in 1921, finding buildings and artifacts indicative of an ancient civilization. These were soon complemented by discoveries at Mohenjo-Daro by Rakhal Das Banerjee, Ernest J. H. Mackay, and Marshall in 1922. By 1931, much of Mohenjo-Daro had been excavated.
170767. Satyameva Jayate was taken from which book?
A
Budhacharita
B
Arthasastra
C
Mundaka Upnishida
D
Mahabharata
C
Correct Answer: C. Mundaka Upnishida
Explanation: The Upanishads are a collection of texts of religious and philosophical nature, written in India probably between c. 800 BCE and c. 500 BCE. It played an important role in the development of spiritual ideas in ancient India, marking a transition from Vedic ritualism to new ideas and institutions. The Mundaka Upanishad contains the phrase Satyameva Jayate.
8868. Who was the Chola King to have conquered Bengal ?
A
Rajendra Chola
B
Rajadhiraja
C
Raja Raja
D
Rajendra Chola I
D
Correct Answer: D. Rajendra Chola I
Explanation: Rajendra Chola I, was the greatest rulers of the Chola dynasty. His achievements are described in Tanjore and Tirumala inscription. He conquered Bangal and assumed the title of 'Ganga conqueror' (Gangaikonda Cholapuram) or Ganga winner Chola king.
5869. Who introduces Kulinism?
A
Ballal Sen
B
Lakshman Sen
C
Samanta Sen
D
Hemanta Sen
A
Correct Answer: A. Ballal Sen
Explanation: Kulinism is Hindu caste and marriage rules reputedly introduced by Raja Ballala Sena of Bengal. The name derives from the Sanskrit word कुलीन (kulina). Kulin (higher social status) refers to the marriage of a kulina girl to a man in the same class as well as marriage to one in a higher class. It essentially asserts that a kulina woman must not have her status lowered by marrying into a group of lower rank. One's Kulin status remains valid for 36-years according to the rules stated by Ballala Sena.
3370. The oldest school of Indian Philosophy is
A
Vaisesika
B
Karma Mimansa
C
Yoga
D
Sankhya
D
Correct Answer: D. Sankhya
Explanation: Indian philosophy refers to philosophical traditions which developed in the Indian subcontinent. A traditional classification divides orthodox (āstika) and heterodox (nāstika) schools of philosophy, depending on one of three alternate criteria: whether it believes the Vedas as a valid source of knowledge; whether the school believes in the premises of Brahman and Atman; and whether the school believes in afterlife and devas.
From this Hindu point of view, there are six major schools of orthodox (astika) Indian Hindu philosophy—Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta, and five major heterodox (nastika) schools—Jain, Buddhist, Ajivika, Ajñana, and Charvaka. However, there are other methods of classification; Vidyaranya for instance identifies sixteen schools of Indian philosophy by including those that belong to the Śaiva and Raseśvara traditions.



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