Saturday, March 30, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

Ancient Indian History For UPSC, SSC CGL, RAIL NTCP Exams P6


Page 6

8451. Who among the following persons wrote Mitakshara?
A
Bilhan
B
Vijnanesvar
C
Nyayachandra
D
Gangadhar
B
Correct Answer: B. Vijnanesvar
Explanation: Mitaksara was considered as one of the main authorities on Hindu Law from the time of British laws in India. It is a legal commentary on the Yajnavalkya Smriti (is one of the many Dharma-related texts of Hinduism composed in Sanskrit) best known for its theory of 'inheritance by birth.' It was written by Vijñāneśvara, a scholar in the Western Chalukya court in the late eleventh and early twelfth century.
1452. With the people of which country Harappan people carried trade ?
A
Russia
B
Summer
C
China
D
Iran
B
Correct Answer: B. Summer
Explanation: Indus people used to trade with the Sumerians, Mesopotamians (now southern Iraq) on waterways and land routes. The Harappan region was known as Meluha in Sumar. There was clear evidence of trading between these two civilizations. The same seals were found in both regions.
1753. Name the last Tirthankara
A
Siddhartha
B
Silbhadra
C
Parsvanath
D
Mahavira
D
Correct Answer: D. Mahavira
Explanation: According to the Jains, a Tirthankara is a person who has conquered the cycle of death and rebirth by himself and paved the way for others to follow. There were 24 Tirthankars. The first Tirthankar was Rishabhanatha. The symbol used for him is the Bull. The 23rd Tirthankara was Parshvanath and the symbol used for him was Snake. The twenty-fourth Tirthankara was Mahavira and the symbol used for him was Lion. He was the original founder of Jainism.
4954. The decline of the Nandas at the hands of Kautilya and Chandragupta Maurya has been vividly portrayed in the Sanskrit Play
A
Mattavilasa
B
Mudrarakshasa
C
Mrichhakatika
D
Devi Chandragupta
B
Correct Answer: B. Mudrarakshasa
Explanation: The Mudrarakshasa is a Sanskrit-language play by Vishakhadatta that narrates the ascent of the Maurya Emperor Chandragupta Maurya (reign: 324 BCE–297BCE) to power in India. Vishakhadatta was a contemporary of the Gupta Emperor Chandragupta II and lived in the late 4th century to early 5th century.
171655. What is the meaning of Vedas?
A
Knowledge
B
Truth
C
Religion
D
Unchanging
A
Correct Answer: A. Knowledge
Explanation: Vedas means knowledge. It is believed that Vedas was not manmade so it was called Apaurusheya. At the beginning Vedas was not in written form, It was kept in mind by listening generation by generation so it is called Shrutis.
2356. Where was the capital of Sasanka?
A
Karnasuvarna
B
Lakhnawati
C
Samatata
D
Tamralipta
A
Correct Answer: A. Karnasuvarna
Explanation: Shashanka was the first independent king of a unified polity in the Bengal region, called the Gauda Kingdom. He between 600 CE and 636/7 CE, whereas other sources place his reign between 590 and 625 CE.
He is the contemporary of Harsha and of Bhaskaravarman of Kamarupa. His capital was at Karnasubarna, in present-day Murshidabad in West Bengal. The development of the Bengali calendar is often attributed to Shashanka because the starting date falls within his reign.
6657. Who was the founder of the Gupta dynasty?
A
Samudragupta
B
Skandagupta
C
Chandragupta
D
Srigupta
D
Correct Answer: D. Srigupta
Explanation: Gupta empire was emerged around the late 3rd century and brought Magadha under the control of founding member Srigupta. He was succeeded by Ghototkacha Gupta. The empire got prominent under the control of Chandragupta I (319-335 CE).
7758. The greatest scholar of Medical Science during Gupta was
A
Charaka
B
Vāgbhata
C
Bhatta
D
Sushruta
B
Correct Answer: B. Vāgbhata
Explanation: Vāgbhata is one of the most influential writers and advisors of Ayurveda during the Gupta era. Born in 600 AD in Sindh, Pakistan. Several works are associated with his name as the author, principally the Ashtāṅgasaṅgraha (অষ্টগ্যাসগ্রহ) and the Ashtāngahridayasaṃhitā (অষ্টাঙ্গগ্রহীতাসাহিত্য).

Charaka was one of the principal contributors to Ayurveda, a system of medicine and lifestyle developed in Ancient India. Charaka Samhita was authored by him. He was born around 300 BC.
170959. Dadashanga contains religious preach of?
A
Budha
B
Mahaveera
C
Rishabhanatha
D
Sankaracharya
B
Correct Answer: B. Mahaveera
Explanation: Agamas are texts of Jainism based on the discourses of the Tirthankara. Mahavira was the last Tirthankara(24th). The symbol used for him is the lion. 1st Tirthankara was Rishabhanatha and 23rd Tirthankara was Parshvanatha.
3860. Buddhist religious scripture Tripitaka was written in
A
Bengali
B
Pali
C
Sanskrit
D
Hindi
B
Correct Answer: B. Pali
Explanation: Tripitaka was written in Pali language. Pitaka means basket. The basket of expected discipline from monks (Vinaya Piṭaka), the basket of discourse (Sūtra Piṭaka, Nikayas), and the basket of special doctrine (Abhidharma Piṭaka).

    • Vinaya: the regulatory framework for the sangha.
    • Sutta: contains more than 10,000 suttas/teachings.
    • Abhidhamma: Philosophical and psychological analysis and interpretation of Buddhist doctrine.



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