Saturday, March 30, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

Ancient Indian History For UPSC, SSC CGL, RAIL NTCP Exams P6


Page 6

26. The famous physician during Buddha's time was
(A) Charaka
(B) Jivaka
(C) Kautilya
(D) Nachiketa

Correct Answer: [B] Jivaka.
Explanation: Sushruta was known as “Father of Indian Medicine” and “Father of Plastic Surgery”. Jivika was a personal physician of haryanka king Bimbisara and Buddha.
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27. In which ancient text do you find the earliest reference to the Varna System?
(A) Atharva Veda
(B) Satapatha Brahmana
(C) Manu Samhita
(D) Rigveda

Correct Answer: [D] Rigveda.
Explanation: Purusha Sukta, 10th mandala of vedas mention the four varnas by name - although the word "varṇa" itself is not mentioned. 1st and 10th mandalas were compiled in the later Vedic period.
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28. How many Tirthankaras were there in ancient India?
(A) 23
(B) 24
(C) 16
(D) 22

Correct Answer: [B] 24.
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29. Which metal was unknown to the Indus people?
(A) Bronze
(B) Gold
(C) Copper
(D) Iron

Correct Answer: [D] Iron.
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30. According to Buddhism, the cause of all sorrows is
(A) Trishna
(B) Krodh
(C) Maya
(D) Kama

Correct Answer: [A] Trishna.
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