Saturday, March 30, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

Ancient Indian History For UPSC, SSC CGL, RAIL NTCP Exams P6

Page 6

26. The famous physician during Buddha's time was
(A) Charaka
(B) Jivaka
(C) Kautilya
(D) Nachiketa

Correct Answer: [B] Jivaka.
Explanation: Sushruta was known as “Father of Indian Medicine” and “Father of Plastic Surgery”. Jivika was a personal physician of haryanka king Bimbisara and Buddha.
27. In which ancient text do you find the earliest reference to the Varna System?
(A) Atharva Veda
(B) Satapatha Brahmana
(C) Manu Samhita
(D) Rigveda

Correct Answer: [D] Rigveda.
Explanation: Purusha Sukta, 10th mandala of vedas mention the four varnas by name - although the word "varṇa" itself is not mentioned. 1st and 10th mandalas were compiled in the later Vedic period.
28. How many Tirthankaras were there in ancient India?
(A) 23
(B) 24
(C) 16
(D) 22

Correct Answer: [B] 24.
29. Which metal was unknown to the Indus people?
(A) Bronze
(B) Gold
(C) Copper
(D) Iron

Correct Answer: [D] Iron.
30. According to Buddhism, the cause of all sorrows is
(A) Trishna
(B) Krodh
(C) Maya
(D) Kama

Correct Answer: [A] Trishna.


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