Thursday, March 28, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

MCQs on Ancient Indian History For WBCS Prelims and Mains P5


Page 5

3141. Which of the following Gods do not belong to the Rigvedic period ?
A
Shiva
B
Aditi
C
Indra
D
Marut
A
Correct Answer: A. Shiva
Explanation: Gods mentioned in Rig Vedas are Indra, Agni, Varuna, Soma, Savitri, Vishnu, Aditi, Apsaras, Rudra, Usha and Prithvi and many more. But there was no mention of God Shiva. Indra was known as Purandhara (i.e. Breaker of Fort). 250 Rig Vedic hymns are dedicated to Indra. He was the most important divinity and Agni was in 2nd in the list.
142. Which one of the following is more probable regarding the Harappa Script?
A
Pictographic
B
Summerian
C
Proto Dravidian
D
Sanskritic
A
Correct Answer: A. Pictographic
Explanation: It was written in the Boustrophedon style. It is written in the first line from right to left and in the second line from left to right. It was pictographic in nature. 400 to 500 sign or logo symbolic used in this script. It is still an undecipherable script.
10443. The author of 'Kadambari' was
A
Bhababhuti
B
Banabhatta
C
Kshemendra
D
Kalhana
B
Correct Answer: B. Banabhatta
Explanation: Banabhatta is also know for his literary work of Harsacharata. He was coart poet of Harsavardahan. Banabhatta is also known for his literary work of Harshacharita. He was the court poet of Harshvardhan.
3444. Whom does the Gayatri Mantra in the Rig Veda address?
A
Savitri
B
Ushas
C
Indra
D
Agni
A
Correct Answer: A. Savitri
Explanation: The famous Gayatri mantra is addressed to Savitri. Gayatri mantra was mentioned in the third mandala of Rig Veda. It is composed by the sage Viswamitra to offer prayer to solar deity Savitri. Savitṛ, a Vedic Sun deity. Maximum number of hymns was dedicated to Indra.
4845. Which of the following was a Buddhist genealogical text?
A
Abhidhammapitaka
B
Dipavamsa
C
Suttapitaka
D
Vinayapitaka
B
Correct Answer: B. Dipavamsa
Explanation: The other books which inform the Buddha's biography are Sutta Nipat, Jataka, Mahavamsam, etc., written in Pali language and Lalitavistara is written in Sanskrit.
7346. Chandragupta Maurya was succeeded by
A
Ashoka
B
Harsha
C
Bindusara
D
Ajatasatru
C
Correct Answer: C. Bindusara
Explanation: Bindusara was the father of Ashoka. Who rule between 297BCE to 273BCE.
1547. Who was the court poet of Samudra Gupta?
A
Aryabhatta
B
Harisena
C
Asvaghosha
D
Nagarjuna
B
Correct Answer: B. Harisena
Explanation: Harisena was a 4th-century Sanskrit poet, an important figure in the court of the Gupta emperor, Samudragupta. His most famous poem, written in 345 C.E., describes the bravery of Samudragupta and is inscribed on the Allahabad Pillar.
848. Who was the first independent King of Bengal?
A
Gopala
B
Mahasengupta
C
Sasanka
D
King Ganesh
C
Correct Answer: C. Sasanka
Explanation: Sasanka was a king of the Gauda Kingdom and capital was Karnasubarna, in present-day Murshidabad in West Bengal
2649. The famous physician during Buddha's time was
A
Charaka
B
Jivaka
C
Kautilya
D
Nachiketa
B
Correct Answer: B. Jivaka
Explanation: Sushruta was known as “Father of Indian Medicine” and “Father of Plastic Surgery”. Jivika was a personal physician of Haryanka king Bimbisara and Buddha.
4150. Buddhist doctrines are contained in
A
Upanishads
B
Dhammapada
C
Jatakas
D
Satapaths
B
Correct Answer: B. Dhammapada
Explanation: The Dhammapada is a collection of sayings of the Buddha in verse form and one of the most widely read and best-known Buddhist scriptures. The original version of the Dhammapada is in the Khuddaka Nikaya, a division of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism.
The Jataka tales are a voluminous body of literature native to India concerning the previous births of Gautama Buddha in both human and animal forms. The future Buddha may appear as a king, an outcast, a god, an elephant—but, in whatever form, he exhibits some virtue that the tale thereby inculcates.



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