Thursday, March 28, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

Ancient Indian History MCQs For WBCS Exams P1


Page 1

781. Sasanka belonged to the
A
Gauda dynasty
B
Kamrup dynasty
C
Pal dynasty
D
Sen dynasty
A
Correct Answer: A. Gauda dynasty
Explanation: Sasanka was the first independent ruler of Bengal. Sasanka was a king of the Gauda Kingdom and the capital was Karnasubarna, in present-day Murshidabad in West Bengal.
52. Who composed the Allahabad Prasasti?
A
Harisena
B
Vasumitra
C
Asvaghosha
D
Nagarjuna
A
Correct Answer: A. Harisena
Explanation: Harisena was a court poet of Samudra Gupta.
713. The Kalinga war is mentioned in the
A
Bhabru Rock Edict
B
8th Rock Edict
C
13th Rock Edict
D
12th Rock Edict
C
Correct Answer: C. 13th Rock Edict
Explanation: It was mentioned in Rock Edict No. 13 in Shahbazgarhi and Manasera that after Ashoka witnessed the slaughter on the battle-field of Kalinga, he regarded conquest by the dharma as the best conquest.
Shahbaz Garhi, or Shahbazgarhi, is a village and historic site located in the Mardan District in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region.
The other inscriptions found in the central and eastern parts of India were written in Magadhi Prakrit using the Brahmi script, while Prakrit using the Kharoshthi script, Greek and Aramaic were used in the northwest. These edicts were deciphered by British archaeologist and historian James Prinsep.
34. Which emperor has been called Napolean of India?
A
Samudragupta
B
Chandragupta II Vikramaditya
C
Asoka
D
Kanishka
A
Correct Answer: A. Samudragupta
Explanation: Samudragupta was the greatest ruler of the Gupta dynasty. He was called Napoleon of India by V. A. Smith. He was a follower of Vaishnavism but tolerant of other religions.
17175. Allahabad pillar inscription carved by
A
Harisena
B
Ravikirti
C
Rudradaman
D
Banabhatta
A
Correct Answer: A. Harisena
Explanation: Allahabad pillar inscription was written by Harisena. He was a court poet of Samundragupta. The inscription is also known as Prayaga Prasasti. It was written in Sanscrit with Nagari script. Rudradaman‘s achievements were mentioned in his Junagarh inscription. Aihole inscription was written by Ravikirti. Kadambari and Harshacharita were authored by Banabhatta (the court poet of Harshavardhana).
17106. Vikramankadevacharita contains the achievement of which king?
A
Vikramaditya I
B
Vikramaditya VI
C
Vikramaditya II
D
Skandagupta
B
Correct Answer: B. Vikramaditya VI
Explanation: Western Chalukya king Vikramaditya VI noted for his patronage of art and letters. Kashmiri poet Bilhana who came to his court and earned the title Vidyapati (pundit), and wrote a book on the life of his patron king in Vikramankadevacharita.
47. The first metal discovered by man was
A
Zinc
B
Copper
C
Iron
D
Aluminum
B
Correct Answer: B. Copper
Explanation: Copper is the first metal discovered by humans. The first domesticated animal was the dog. The Indus civilized people did not know the use of iron. It was contemporary with the Chalcolithic era.
308. According to Buddhism, the cause of all sorrows is
A
Taṇhā
B
Krodh
C
Maya
D
Kama
A
Correct Answer: A. Taṇhā
Explanation: The four nobel truth by Buddha (Arya Satyas)
  • Dukkha (suffering, incapable of satisfying, painful) is an innate characteristic of existence in the realm of samsara.
  • Samudaya (origin, arising) of this dukkha, which arises or 'comes together' with taṇhā ('craving, desire or attachment').
  • Nirodha (cessation, ending) of this dukkha can be attained by the renouncement or letting go of this taṇhā.
  • Magga (path, Noble Eightfold Path) is the path leading to renouncement of tanha and cessation of dukkha.
They are traditionally identified as the first teaching given by the Buddha, and considered one of the most important teachings in Buddhism.
69. Which was a major port of the Indus Valley?
A
Chanhudaro
B
Mehargarh
C
Lothal
D
Kalibangan
C
Correct Answer: C. Lothal
Explanation: Lothal was part of the present state of Gujarat. It was a seaport located on the banks of the river Bhogabar. In 1954 S.R. Rao has discovered it.
8610. Who constructed the Rajrajeshwara Temple ?
A
Rajadhiraja
B
Virrajendra
C
Rajendra
D
Raja Raja
D
Correct Answer: D. Raja Raja
Explanation: It is a Shiva temple, located in Kerala. It was build by Rajaraja I, a Chola emperor. Also known for building the Brihadisvara Temple in the capital Thanjavur. He was an able administrator, who conquered Ceylon (Singhal),



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