Thursday, January 24, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains


1. Who was the editor of 'Bande Mataram'?
(A) Aurobindo Ghosh
(B) Madam Cama
(C) Both of them
(D) None of them.
Correct Answer: [C] Both of them.
Explanation: Bandemataram' was published by Aurobindo Ghosh whereas in Parish it was published by Madam Bhikaji Cama.

2. Who introduced the railways and telegraphs in India?
(A) Lord Hardinge
(B) Lord Ripon
(C) Lord Dalhousie
(D) Lord Canning.
Correct Answer: [C] Lord Dalhousie.
Explanation: Lord Dalhousie served as the governor-general between (1848 to 1856). It was 1853 when rail was started between Bombay (Mumbai) and Thane. He was the father of Indian Railways. In 1850 an experimental electric telegram was started between Dimond Harbour and Kolkata and opened for EIC in1852 between Kolkata and Agra. He was also credited for introducing postage stamp in 1852. He annexed the state Panjub. The Doctrine of Lapse principle was started by him which lead to Sepahi Mutiny in 1875. In 1856 widow remarriage act was passed during his tenure.

3. The first Newspaper which was published in India was titled
(A) Bombay Herald
(B) Madras Courier
(C) The Bengal Gazette
(D) The Calcutta Chronicle
Correct Answer: [C] The Bengal Gazette.
Explanation: Hicky's Bengal Gazette/ The Bengal Gazette was also known as The Original Calcutta General Advertiser. It was and weekly newspaper in the English language published from Calcutta (Now Kolkata). It was the first newspaper printed in Asia by James Augustus Hicky. It was also popularly known for its strong critic against the British administration in India and promotion of the anti-war and anti-colonial rule in India.

4. In 1835 an initiative was taken to establish Calcutta Medical College by?
(A) Lord Curzon
(B) Lord Dalhousie
(C) Warren Hastings
(D) Lord William Bentinck.
Correct Answer: [D] Lord William Bentinck..

5. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was given the title of Lokmanya after initiation of
(A) Puna Sarvajanik Sabha
(B) Arjyabandhab
(C) Shivaji Festival
(D) Home rule League.
Correct Answer: [D] Home rule League..
Explanation: Tilak formed Homerule league in Maharastra(Poona) in 1926. The first president of this league was Joseph Baptista. Tilak became very popular with this organization that people gave him the epithet of Lokmanya. He was also known as 'Father of Indian Unrest'.

6. Who founded the Atmiya Sabha?
(A) Shibnath Shastri
(B) Keshab Chandra Sen
(C) Rammohon Roy
(D) Debendranath Tagore
Correct Answer: [C] Rammohon Roy.

7. Set goal of Self Government or Swaraj was decided in 1906 at the session of Indian National Congress. It was organized in
(A) Kolkata
(B) Bombay
(C) Lahore
(D) Lokhnou.
Correct Answer: [A] Kolkata.
Explanation: The president of this session was Dadabhai Naoroji. Here Swaraj doesn't mean the complete independence but self-government under British rule.

8. On the happening of Bengal Partition in 1905 Muslim League formed in 1906. First successful achievement of Muslim League was
(A) Separate Electorate
(B) Khilafat Movement
(C) Aligarh University
(D) Faraizi Movement.
Correct Answer: [A] Separate Electorate.
Explanation: Following the demand of the Muslim League a separate electorate was provided for Muslims. Where a Muslim candidate only votes for Muslim. It was provided in 1909 following an act of British parliament. It was popularly known as Morle-Minto reform.

9. The first woman who became the chief minister of an Indian state was Sucheta Kripalani. She was chief minister of Which state?
(A) MP
(B) UP
(C) Delhi
(D) Haryana.
Correct Answer: [B] UP.

10. Tebhaga Movement took place in
(A) Bengal
(B) Delhi
(C) Telangana
(D) Malabar.
Correct Answer: [A] Bengal.


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