Thursday, January 24, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

WBCS MCQ Questions on Modern Indian History P2


Page 2

185311. When and by whom was the Portuguese driven out of Hugli in Bengal?
A
1650-Prince Murad
B
1666-Prince Shuja
C
1625-Shaista Khan
D
1631-Qasim Khan
D
Correct Answer: D. 1631-Qasim Khan
Explanation: In 1631 AD, the Portuguese lost Hooghly by the Qasim Khan Juvayni Nawab ,a Mughal general and nobleman of the court of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
42412. Indigo Revolt in Bengal took place in the year
A
1863
B
1869
C
1859
D
1860.
C
Correct Answer: C. 1859
Explanation: Indigo Revolt was started in Bengal ( Krishnanagar, Nadia) in 1859. It was started by Bishnucharan Biswas and Digambar Biswas. In 1860 Dinabandhu Mitra come out with the play Nildarpan based on Indigo movement. It was translated in English by Michael Madhusudan Dutta and published by Rev. James Long. Because of this, he was sentenced to jail for sedition charges.
32913. Who was the Viceroy of India when the Quit India Movement started in 1942?
A
Wavel
B
Minto
C
Linlithgow
D
Willington
C
Correct Answer: C. Linlithgow
Explanation: The Quit India Movement (translated into several Indian languages as the Leave India Movement), also known as the August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8/9 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British rule in India. It was the time when the viceroy of India was Linlithgow.
41914. Gandhi was arrested during salt satyagraha in 1930. Who had taken the place of Gandhi after he was arrested?
A
Sarojini Naidu
B
V. Patel
C
J. L. Nehru
D
Abbas Tyabji
D
Correct Answer: D. Abbas Tyabji
Explanation: Abbas Tyabji who also served as chief justice of Boroda. He was respectfully called 'Grand old man of Gujarat'. This time Gandhi was kept in Yerwada Jail.
37415. The first Muslim elected as the President of Indian National Congress was
A
Abul Kalam Azad
B
Badruddin Tayabji
C
Mohammad Ali
D
None of the above
B
Correct Answer: B. Badruddin Tayabji
Explanation: Surat split 1907
30116. In 1835 an initiative was taken to establish Calcutta Medical College by?
A
Lord Curzon
B
Lord Dalhousie
C
Warren Hastings
D
Lord William Bentinck
D
Correct Answer: D. Lord William Bentinck
Explanation: He served as Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835. Abolished the practice of soti by introducing Bengal Sati Regulation, 1829. Along with Thomas Babington Macaulay he introduced English as the language of instruction in India
332217. Who was the first Muslim President of Indian National Congress ?
A
Badruddin Tyabji
B
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
C
Hassan Imam
D
M.A. Ansari
A
SSC CGL/CHSL - 2012
Correct Answer: A. Badruddin Tyabji
Explanation: Tyabji was the first Indian to practice as a barrister of the High Court of Bombay who served as the third President of the Indian National Congress.
33318. The English Language was adopted as a medium of Instruction in higher education during the Governor-Generalship of
A
Lord William Bentinck
B
Lord Dalhousie
C
Lord Wellesley
D
Lord Minto
A
Correct Answer: A. Lord William Bentinck
Explanation: The English Education Act was a legislative Act of the Council of India in 1835 giving effect to a decision in 1835 by William Bentinck, the Governor-General of British India to reallocate funds the East India Company was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India.
Lord Macaulay came to India on June 10, 1834, as the law member of the Governor General’s Executive council and was appointed as the President of the Committee of Public Instruction. He was entrusted to settle down the dispute between orientalists and Anglicists in 1835. He submitted his famous minutes (Macaulay Minutes) in February 1835 to the council which was approved by Lord Bentik, and a resolution was passed in March 1835, and English is recognized as the official language.
42219. Who was the most famous Bengal journalist who championed the cause of Indigo cultivators?
A
Iswar Chandra Gupta
B
Shibnath Sastri
C
Harish Mukherjee
D
Sisir Kumar Ghosh.
C
Correct Answer: C. Harish Mukherjee
Explanation: Harish Chandra Mukherjee played a vital role during the Indigo Revolt. He supported the movement and criticize the government through his brilliant writing in Hindu Patriot. He was the editor of the Hindu Patriot during this time and died in 1861.
39820. The Quit India Movement started in
A
Sept 1942
B
Oct 1942
C
July 1942
D
August, 1942
D
Correct Answer: D. August, 1942
Explanation:

On 8 August 1942 at the All-India Congress Committee session in Bombay, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi launched the 'Quit India' movement.




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