Thursday, January 24, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

History of Modern India MCQ, PDF For Competitive Exams P3


Page 3

40921. At which place Gandhiji had the first experience of mass-movement in India?
A
Chauri Chaura
B
Champaran
C
Bardoli
D
Dandi
B
Correct Answer: B. Champaran
Explanation: Gandhiji had the first experience of mass-movement in India by the Champaran movement in 1917. It was a farmer's uprising that took place in the Champaran district of Bihar, India, during the British colonial period. The farmers were protesting against having to grow indigo with barely any payment for it.
33022. Who introduced the system of Civil Services?
A
Warren Hastings
B
Lord Dalhousie
C
Lord Hardinge
D
William Bentinck
B
Correct Answer: B. Lord Dalhousie
Explanation: The India Act, 1784: Established the principles of governance in India. Lord Cornwallis(1786-93). Lord Cornwallis is called the father of modern Indian Civil Service.
Charter Act 1853:  An open competitive examination was introduced and Indians were allowed to participate. Thus a committee on Indian Civil Service - Macaulay Committee was formed in 1854. The first examination was held in 1855. Lord Dalhousie (1848-1856)
37023. The first to be designated as the Governor General of India was
A
Warren Hastings
B
Lord Cornwallis
C
Lord William Bentinck
D
Sir John Shore
C
Correct Answer: C. Lord William Bentinck
Explanation:

Before 1773 Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal) was named as Governor of Bengal, which was in existence from 1757 to 1772. The first Governors-General of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal) was Warren Hastings.


Governors-General of India, 1833–1858: The first Governors-General of India was Lord William Bentinck.

Viceroys of India, 1858–1947: The first viceroy of India was Lord Canning.

Governors-General of the Dominion of India, 1947–1950:

  • Viscount Mountbatten 15 August 1947 to 21 June 1948
  • Chakravarti Rajagopalachari 21 June 1948 to 26 January 1950
32124. First Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University was
A
Erskine
B
Maine
C
William Colville
D
Ritchie
C
Correct Answer: C. William Colville
Explanation: The first Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor of the Calcutta University were Governor-General Lord Canning and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sir William Colvile, respectively. In 1858, Joddu Nath Bose and Bankim Chandra Chatterjee became the first graduates of the university.
31425. Who was the main inspiration behind the young Bengal Movement?
A
Debandranath
B
David Hare
C
Derozio
D
Rammohan
C
Correct Answer: C. Derozio
Explanation:
The Young Bengal was a group of Bengali free thinkers emerging from Hindu College, Calcutta. They were also known as Derozians, after their firebrand teacher at Hindu College, Henry Louis Vivian Derozio.

The Young Bengals were inspired and excited by the spirit of free thought and revolt against the existing social and religious structure of Hindu society. A number of Derozians were attracted to the Brahmo Samaj movement much later in life when they had lost their youthful fire and excitement. As one scholar characterized it.
50826. Who led the attack on European club at Pahartali in Chittagong?
A
Ananta Singh
B
Loknath Bal
C
Pritilata Waddedar
D
Surya Sen
C
Correct Answer: C. Pritilata Waddedar
Explanation: Pritilata joined a revolutionary group headed by Surya Sen. She is known for leading fifteen revolutionaries on 24 September 1932 armed attack on the Pahartali European Club, during which one person was killed and eleven injured. The revolutionaries torched the club and were later caught by the British police. To avoid arrest, Pritilata consumed cyanide and died.
31927. The Civil Service was brought into existence in India by
A
Dalhousie
B
Ripon
C
Warren Hastings
D
Cornwallis
D
Correct Answer: D. Cornwallis
Explanation: During the British raj, Warren Hastings laid the foundation of civil service, and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernized, and rationalized it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as the 'Father of civil service in India'.
34228. The system of Subsidiary Alliance was adopted by
A
Cornwallis
B
Minto
C
Marquees of Wellesley
D
Warren Hastings
C
Correct Answer: C. Marquees of Wellesley
Explanation: It was framed by Lord Wellesley, the Governor-General of India from 1798 to 1805. It was actually used for the first time by the French Governor-General Marquis Dupleix. The Nawab of Awadh was the first ruler to enter into the subsidiary alliance with the British after the Battle of Buxar.
68729. Under whose efforts was The Age of Consent Act passed?
A
Harinarayan Apte
B
Krishnashastri Chipkulankar
C
K.R. Cama
D
B.M. Malabari
D
Correct Answer: D. B.M. Malabari
Explanation: The act was enacted in1891 at the time of Governor General Lord Lansdowne. The age rise from 10 to 12 for the consent of sexual intercourse for all girls.
300030. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad started an Urdu Weekly, The Al-Hilal in 1912, but, on its being banned by the Government, he founded at Al-Balagh in
A
1913
B
1912
C
1914
D
1916
B
SSC CGL/CHSL - 2008
Correct Answer: B. 1912
Explanation: The paper was notable for its criticism of the British Raj in India and its exhortation to Indian Muslims to join the growing Indian independence movement. Al-Hilal ran from 1912 to 1914, when it was shut down under the Press Act.



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