Thursday, January 24, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

Modern Indian History PDF, MCQs for WBCS/ SSC CGL P4


Page 4

33931. Who was the founder of the Indian Association?
A
Lala Lajpat Rai
B
Dadabhai Naoraji
C
W. C. Banerjee
D
S. N. Banerjee
D
Correct Answer: D. S. N. Banerjee
Explanation: The Indian Association was the first avowed nationalist organization founded in British India by Surendranath Banerjee and Ananda Mohan Bose in 1876.
30532. On the happening of Bengal Partition in 1905 Muslim League formed in 1906. First successful achievement of Muslim League was
A
Separate Electorate
B
Khilafat Movement
C
Aligarh University
D
Faraizi Movement
A
Correct Answer: A. Separate Electorate
Explanation: Following the demand of the Muslim League a separate electorate was provided for Muslims. Where a Muslim candidate only votes for Muslim. It was provided in 1909 following an act of British parliament. It was popularly known as Morle-Minto reform.
52633. Who was the first President of the Swarajya Party?
A
Rajendra Prasad
B
Rajagopalachari
C
Motilal Nehru
D
C. R. Das
D
Correct Answer: D. C. R. Das
Explanation: The Swaraj Party was established as the Congress-Khilafat Swaraj Party. It was a political party formed in India on 1st January 1923 after the Gaya annual conference in December 1922 of the National Congress, that sought greater self-government and political freedom for the Indian people from the British Raj.
The aim of the party was to enter the legislative council through the election with a view to obstructing a foreign government.
Founded: 1 January 1923
Ceased operations: 1935
Founders: Chittaranjan Das (President), Motilal Nehru (one of the secretaries)
303634. Place chronologically the following treaties:
a. Treaty of Amritsar
b. Treaty of Bassein
c. Treaty of Scringapatam
d. Treaty of Salbai
A
a, c, b, d
B
d, c, a, b
C
d, c, b, a
D
b, a, d, c
C
SSC CGL/CHSL - 2005
Correct Answer: C. d, c, b, a
Explanation: Treaty of Salbai(1782): The Treaty of Salbai was signed on 17 May 1782, by representatives of the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company after long negotiations to settle the outcome of the First Anglo-Maratha War it was signed between Warren Hastings and Mahadaji Scindia.
Treaty of Seringapatam(1792): The Treaty of Seringapatam (also called Srirangapatinam or Srirangapatna), signed 18 March 1792, ended the Third Anglo-Mysore War. Its signatories included Lord Cornwallis on behalf of the British East India Company, representatives of the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Maratha Empire, and Tipu Sultan, the ruler of Mysore.
Treaty of Bassein (1802): The Treaty of Bassein was a pact signed on 31 December 1802 between the British East India Company and Baji Rao II, the Maratha Peshwa of Pune in India after the Battle of Poona.
Treaty of Amritsar (1846): The Treaty of Amritsar, executed by the British East India Company and Raja Gulab Singh of Jammu after the First Anglo-Sikh War, established the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir under the suzerainty of the British Indian Empire.
29835. Who was the editor of 'Bande Mataram'?
A
Aurobindo Ghosh
B
Madam Cama
C
Both of them
D
None of them
C
Correct Answer: C. Both of them
Explanation: Bandemataram' was published by Aurobindo Ghosh whereas in Parish it was published by Madam Bhikaji Cama. The Bande Mataram was an Indian nationalist publication from Paris begun in September 1909 by the Paris Indian Society. Founded by Madam Bhikaji Cama, the paper along with the later publication of Talvar was aimed at inciting nationalist unrest in India and sought to sway the loyalty of the Sepoy of the British Indian Army. It was founded in response to the British ban on Bankim Chatterjee's nationalist poem of Vande Mataram and continued the message of the journal Bande Mataram edited by Sri Aurobindo and published from Calcutta, and The Indian Sociologist that had earlier been published from London by Shyamji Krishna Varma.
47436. The Santhal Revolt took place in the year
A
1859
B
1871
C
1855
D
1857
C
Correct Answer: C. 1855
Explanation: Santhal rebellion is also known as Santhal hool which was started on 30th June 1855 in present-day Jharkhand. Sidhu, Kanu, Chand, and Bhairav were the leaders of the Santhal rebellion.
31337. Who was sentenced for the English translation of the Publication of Nil Darpan?
A
Reverand Long
B
Surendranath Banerjee
C
Dina Bandhu Mitra
D
Madhusudan Dutta
A
Correct Answer: A. Reverand Long
Explanation: It was translated by Michael Madhusudan Dutta and published by Reverend James Long, for which he was sentenced to prison and charged with sedition.
59838. Which one of the following may be regarded as the first labour association in India?
A
The Indian Workers' Union
B
The Printers Union Calcutta
C
The Bombay Worker's Association
D
The Bombay Millhands Association
D
Correct Answer: D. The Bombay Millhands Association
Explanation: Bombay Mill-Hands Association founded by N.M. Lokhande in 1890, was regarded as the first labour association in India. The first clearly registered trade-union is considered to be the Madras Labour Union founded by B.P. Wadia in 1918, while the first trade union federation to be set up was the All India Trade Union Congress in 1920.
259139. B.R. Ambedkar was elected to the constituent assembly from
A
West Bengal
B
Bombay Presidency
C
Madhya Bharat
D
Punjab
A
Correct Answer: A. West Bengal
Explanation: He was a resident of Bombay Presidency but elected to Constituent Assembly from West Bengal.
30240. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was given the title of Lokmanya after initiation of
A
Puna Sarvajanik Sabha
B
Arjyabandhab
C
Shivaji Festival
D
Home rule League
D
Correct Answer: D. Home rule League
Explanation: Tilak formed Homerule league in Maharastra(Poona) in 1916. The first president of this league was Joseph Baptista. Tilak became very popular with this organization that people gave him the epithet of Lokmanya. He was also known as 'Father of Indian Unrest'. Mahatma Gandhi called him 'The Maker of Modern India'. Tilak took up this issue by publishing inflammatory articles in his paper Kesari (Kesari was written in Marathi, and 'Maratha' was written in English), quoting the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad Gita, to say that no blame could be attached to anyone who killed an oppressor without any thought of reward. Following this, on 22 June 1897, Commissioner Rand and another British officer, Lt. Ayerst were shot and killed by the Chapekar brothers and their other associates. Tilak was charged with incitement to murder and sentenced to 18 months imprisonment. When he emerged from prison in present-day Mumbai, he was revered as a martyr and a national hero.



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