Thursday, January 24, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

WBCS Online Preparation - Modern History MCQ & Note P5


Page 5

42141. The first daily English newspaper was Indian Mirror. Who was the editor of this newspaper?
A
Rammohan Roy
B
M G Ranade
C
Keshab Chandra Sen
D
Surendranath Dutta.
C
Correct Answer: C. Keshab Chandra Sen
Explanation: Debendranath Tagore has started the newspaper and later hand it over to Keshab Chandra Sen.
42542. In which year was the widow-remarriage Act passed?
A
1856
B
1857
C
1829
D
1833.
A
Correct Answer: A. 1856
Explanation: With the effort of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar the (A traditional modernizer) widow-remarriage act was passed on 26th July 1956. Widow-remarriage Act passed on 26 July 1856 at the time of Lord William Bentinck. It was originally drafted by Lord Dalhousie.
29943. Who introduced the railways and telegraphs in India?
A
Lord Hardinge
B
Lord Ripon
C
Lord Dalhousie
D
Lord Canning
C
Correct Answer: C. Lord Dalhousie
Explanation: Lord Dalhousie served as the governor-general between (1848 to 1856).
  • India's first passenger train was started between Bombay (Mumbai) and Thane on 16 April 1853. He was the father of Indian Railways.
  • In 1850 an experimental electric telegram was started between Dimond Harbour and Kolkata and opened for EIC in 1852 between Kolkata and Agra.
  • He was also credited for introducing postage stamps in 1852.
  • He annexed the state of Panjab. The Doctrine of Lapse principle was started by him which lead to Sepahi Mutiny in 1857.
  • In 1856 widow remarriage act was passed during his tenure.
31244. The Medical College in Kolkata was established in the year
A
1858 A.D.
B
1884 A.D.
C
1829 A.D.
D
1835 A.D.
D
Correct Answer: D. 1835 A.D.
Explanation: Calcutta Medical College, officially Medical College, and Hospital, Kolkata, is a public medical school and hospital in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Considered as one of the oldest and prestigious medical schools in South Asia, the institute was established in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck during British Raj as Medical College, Bengal.
41445. The slogan Inquilab Zindabad was given by
A
Sir Mohammad Iqbal
B
Lala Lajpat Rai
C
Subhas Chandra Bose
D
Bhagat Singh.
D
Correct Answer: D. Bhagat Singh.
Explanation: This slogan was coined by the Urdu poet, Indian freedom fighter and socialist Maulana Hasrat Mohani in 1921. It was popularized by Bhagat Singh (1907–1931) during the late 1920s through his speeches and writings.
30446. Set goal of Self Government or Swaraj was decided in 1906 at the session of Indian National Congress. It was organized in
A
Kolkata
B
Bombay
C
Lahore
D
Lokhnou
A
Correct Answer: A. Kolkata
Explanation: The president of this session was Dadabhai Naoroji. Here Swaraj doesn't mean the complete independence but self-government under British rule.
42047. The A.I.T.U.C.was established in
A
1925
B
1930
C
1915
D
1920
D
Correct Answer: D. 1920
Explanation: All India Trade Union Congress (A.I.T.U.C) was founded on 31 October 1920. The founding president of this organization was Lala Lajpat Rai. It was the oldest trade union in India. Lala Lajpat Rai was popularly known as Punjab Kesari. In 1928 he was involved in the protest against Simon Commission in Lahore. He was lathi (baton) charged during this protest and injured which lead to death on 17 November 1928.
34348. Who was the Governor-General who enacted widow remarriage in India?
A
Lord Ripon
B
Lord Canning
C
Lord Bentinck
D
Lord Dalhousie
B
Correct Answer: B. Lord Canning
Explanation: The Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, 1856, also Act XV, 1856, enacted on 26 July 1856, legalized the remarriage of Hindu widows in all jurisdictions of India under East India Company rule. It was drafted by Lord Dalhousie and passed by Lord Canning before the Indian Rebellion of 1857. It was the first major social reform legislation after the abolition of Sati by Lord William Bentinck in 1829.
47349. The Prarthana Samaj was established by
A
Ram Mohon Roy
B
Keshab Sen
C
M.G.Ranade
D
Atmaram Pandurang
D
Correct Answer: D. Atmaram Pandurang
Explanation: The Prarthana Samaj was founded by Dodoba Pandurang and his brother Atmaram Pandurang in 1867 in Bombay when Keshub Chandra Sen visited Bombay.
293550. The Dandi March of Gandhi is an example of
A
Direct Action
B
Boycott
C
Civil Disobedience
D
Non-Cooperation
A
SSC CGL/CHSL - 2013
Correct Answer: A. Direct Action
Explanation:

The Dandi March was an act of nonviolent civil disobedience in colonial India led by Mahatma Gandhi. The twenty-four-day march lasted from 12 March 1930 to 5 April 1930 as a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly.




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