Thursday, January 24, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

PSC Online Preparations of Modern Indian History MCQ P6


Page 6

34951. The song 'Bande Mataram' is from?
A
Ananda Math
B
Gora
C
Pather Dabi
D
Durgesh Nandini
A
Correct Answer: A. Ananda Math
Explanation: Vande Mataram (also pronounced Bande Mataram) is a Bengali poem written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1870s, which he included in his 1882 Bengali novel Anandamath. The poem was first sung by Rabindranath Tagore in 1896. The first two verses of the song were adopted as the National Song of India in October 1937 by the Congress Working Committee prior to the end of colonial rule in August 1947.
53652. Ramakrishna Mission was founded by
A
Vivekananda
B
Rabindranath
C
Ramakrishna
D
Devendranath
A
Correct Answer: A. Vivekananda
Explanation: Ramakrishna Mission was founded by Vivekananda in 1897. His real name was Narendranath Dutta. He attained the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago in 1893. The books authored by him are My Master, Paribrajak, Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, etc.
32653. Who passed the Local Self-Government Act?
A
Lord Bentinck
B
Lord Dufferin
C
Lord Mayo
D
Lord Ripon
D
Correct Answer: D. Lord Ripon
Explanation: Lord Ripon is known as the Father of Local Self Government in India. He repealed the controversial Vernacular Press Act of 1878 passed by Lytton, in 1882. He obtains a Bengal land tenancy bill (eventually the Bengal Tenancy Act 1885) that would improve the situation of the peasants. He introduced Ilbert Bill in 1883.
32754. Montagues - Chelmsford reforms provided for
A
Partial independence
B
Separate Communal Electorate
C
Diarchy
D
Provincial autonomy
C
Correct Answer: C. Diarchy
Explanation: Dyarchy, also spelled diarchy, a system of double government introduced by the Government of India Act (1919)  for the provinces of British India. The principle of dyarchy was a division of the executive branch of each provincial government into authoritarian and popularly responsible sections. It is also known as Montagues - Chelmsford reforms. The Act embodied the reforms recommended in the report of the Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu, and the Viceroy, Lord Chelmsford.
68555. The Main cause of Sanyasi rebellion was
A
Cow Slaughter
B
Official interference in religious matters
C
The dispossession of Zamindars and Peasants
D
None of the above
B
Correct Answer: B. Official interference in religious matters
Explanation: Sanyasi rebellion was started in Bengal in (1770-1820) against the East India Company. Giri sanyasi and Madari fakir was involved in this movement. The leader of the fakir group Majnun Shah leads the protest in Bengal. In the context of the Sanyasi rebellion, the novel Ananda Math was written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1882. The national song Vande Mataram was taken from this novel. The song was originally written in 1876 and later it was included in this book.
32456. In which year was the Permanent Settlement introduced by the British in Bengal?
A
1793 AD
B
1794 AD
C
1791 AD
D
1792 AD
A
Correct Answer: A. 1793 AD
Explanation: The Permanent Settlement of Bengal was brought into effect by the East India Company headed by Governor-General Lord Cornwallis in 1793. This was basically an agreement between the company and the Zamindars to fix the land revenue. This system was also called the Zamindari System.
53757. The only Indian who was the president of the United Nation General Assembly
A
J. L. Nehru
B
Tejbahadur Sapru
C
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
D
J. P. Narayan
C
Correct Answer: C. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Explanation: She was the only Indian who held this post until now. She was the first woman president of this assembly. She was the sister of J. L. Nehru.
48158. When was the corridor war in Writers Building Calcutta was fought?
A
1908
B
1916
C
1921
D
1930
D
Correct Answer: D. 1930
Explanation: Binoy Krishna Basu along with Badal Gupta and Dinesh Chandra Gupta launched an attack on the secretariat 'Writers Building' in Kolkata on 8th December 1930. The three comrades, Benoy, Badal, and Dinesh, decided to kill N S Simpson, as well as other Britishers, to strike terror into the heart of Raj’s official circles. This was to be an attack on the Writer’s Building, the Secretariat, in the heart of Kolkata. They all are parts of the revolutionary organization Bengal Volunteers. To avoid police arrest Badal took Potassium cyanide, while Benoy and Dinesh shot themselves with their own revolvers. Badal died on the spot.
32059. Who introduced the 'Sunset Law'?
A
Lord Bentinck
B
Lord Canning
C
Warren Hastings
D
Lord Cornwallis
D
Correct Answer: D. Lord Cornwallis
Explanation: It was concluded in 1793 by the Company administration headed by Charles, Earl Cornwallis. It formed one part of a larger body of legislation, known as the Cornwallis Code. The Permanent Settlement had the features that state demand was fixed at 89% of the rent and 11% was to be retained by the zamindar. The state demand could not be increased but payment should be made on the due date, before sunset, so it was also known as the 'Sunset Law'.
290960. Who gave the concept of 'Total Revolution' ?
A
Jayaprakash Narayan
B
Mahatma Gandhi
C
Karl Marx
D
Lenin
A
SSC CGL/CHSL - 2009
Correct Answer: A. Jayaprakash Narayan
Explanation:

Jayaprakash Narayan was an Indian Independence activist. He gave the concept of Total Revolution which is a political, social, economic, cultural, ideological, educational, and motivational revolution.




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