Thursday, March 28, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

General Knowledge Quiz on Ancient Indian History For WBCS P4


Page 4

1631. Which of the following is a Harappan site located in Rajasthan?
A
Kalibangan
B
Lothal
C
Mohenjodaro
D
Suktagendor
A
Correct Answer: A. Kalibangan
Explanation: Kalibangan discovered B. K. Thapar. It was situated on the banks of the river Ghaghara.
8332. The 'Ratha temples' of Mahabalipuram were constructed in the reign of
A
Raja Raja
B
Rajendra Chola
C
Narasingha Varman I
D
Narasingha Varman II
C
Correct Answer: C. Narasingha Varman I
Explanation: Also known as Pancha Rathas, located in the Coromandal coast, Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu. It was built at the time of Narasimhavarman I ( Pallava dynasty of Kanchi). Kailashnath temple was built at the time of Narasimhavarman II.
1933. Taxila was the famous site of
A
Gupta Art
B
Mauryan Art
C
Early Vedic Age
D
Gandhara Art
D
Correct Answer: D. Gandhara Art
Explanation: Taxila was an important city of Ancient India on the eastern shore of the Indus river. Its origins go back to c. 1000 BCE. Taxila meaning City of Cut Stone or Takṣa Rock in Sanskrit is a significant archaeological site located in Punjab, Pakistan.
2034. Sabha and Samiti are two democratic institutions of
A
Hilly tribes of India
B
Indus Valley people
C
Rigvedic Aryans
D
Dravidians
C
Correct Answer: C. Rigvedic Aryans
Explanation:

In the era of the Vedic age, there are many assemblies like Sabha, Samiti, Vidhata, and Gana as mentioned in Rig Veda. Among these Sabha and Samiti were the two most important assemblies. The status of women was admirable they are allowed to participate in Sabha and Samiti. Even the King and the Chief showed eagerness to win the support of Sabha and Samiti.


The important administrative division in the Vedic age is:
Jana: Aryan tribes were known as Jana, but there was no mention of Janapada.
Vis: Jana was divided into a group of villages called vis and headed by Vrajapati.
Grama: Vis again divided into grama and headed by Gramins.
Kulas: Grama further divided in Kulas i.e family and headed by Kulapa.

4535. Which of the following was not a part of Tripitakas three basket?
A
Sutta
B
Abhidhamma
C
Jatakas
D
Vinaya
C
Correct Answer: C. Jatakas
Explanation: Tipitaka in Pali means Three Baskets (Ti = Three, Pitaka = Basket).
Three Baskets (of scriptures)
1. Vinaya-Pitaka: the origin of the sangha; rules for monks and nuns.
2. Sutra-Pitaka: discourses of the Buddha.
3. Abhidharma-Pitaka: writings and discourses on Buddhist psychology and philosophy.
236. The great Bath was found in
A
Mohenjo-Daro
B
Kalibangan
C
Lothal
D
Harappa
A
Correct Answer: A. Mohenjo-Daro
Explanation: The Great Bath was found in Mohenjo-Daro. A bronze dancing girl found in Mohenjodaro. Granary was the largest building of Mohenjo Daro.
10537. Whose contemporary was famous of grammarian Patanjali ?
A
Vasudeva Kamba
B
Gantami Putra satakarni
C
Agri mitra Sunga
D
Pushya Mitra Sunga
D
Correct Answer: D. Pushya Mitra Sunga
Explanation: The famous work of Patanjali was Yoga Sutras, Mahabhashya in the Sanskrit language. Many thought that yoga text and grammar text was written by two different authors with the same name. Sunga dynasty was founded by Pushya Mitra Sunga.
171238. The conversation between Buddhist monk Nagasena and Bactria king Menander was written in which book?
A
C-U-Ki
B
Fo-Que-Ki
C
Milinda Panha
D
Angurnikoy
C
Correct Answer: C. Milinda Panha
Explanation: The Milinda Pañha(Questions of Milinda) is the outcome of a conversation between Buddhist monk Nagasena and Bactria king Menander I (Pali: Milinda). The text was compiled sometime between 100 BCE and 200 CE.
10639. Paragal Khan helped in bringing the first ever Bengali translation of the
A
Upanishad
B
Brahma Sutra
C
Ramayana
D
Mahabharata
D
Correct Answer: D. Mahabharata
Explanation: Paragal Khan was a ruler of Chittagong. At his request Kavindra Paramesvara composed the Bengali mahabharata in (1515-1519) imitating the Sanskrit one.
6240. Si- U - Ki was authored by
A
Megasthenes
B
I- Tsing
C
Huen - Tsang
D
Fa- Hien
C
Correct Answer: C. Huen - Tsang
Explanation: Huan-Tsang was a chines traveler who came to Indian during 630 CE in the time of Harshavardhana. He was in India for 14 years. During this time he has studied Hindu and Buddhist religious text from Śīlabhadra for five years. He mentioned the Harshavardhana as the greatest king of north India and Pulokesin II as the greatest king of south India in his book Si-Yu-Ki.



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