Thursday, March 28, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

Ancient Indian History Quiz For WBCS, SSC CGL, UPSC, RAIL NTPC Exams P3


Page 3

1321. Divya was the leader of the
A
Munda Rebellion
B
Santal Rebellion
C
Kaivarta Rebellion
D
Kol Rebellion
C
Correct Answer: C. Kaivarta Rebellion
Explanation: The Varendra rebellion (also known as the Kaivarta revolt), a revolt against King Mahipala II. The revolt was led by Divya. The Kaivarta (community) were able to capture Varendra by this rebellion. Later on, in 1082 CE, King Rampala was succeeded to recapture his fatherland Varendra by defeating Vim with the assistance of neighboring vassals. Rampala is said to be the founder of the Third Pala Empire. Sandhyakar Nandi, the author of Ramcharit, was his court poet.
2922. Which metal was unknown to the Indus people?
A
Bronze
B
Gold
C
Copper
D
Iron
D
Correct Answer: D. Iron
Explanation: Indus Valley civilization is also known as Harappan civilization. It belongs to the Chalcolithic period and Bronze age. They were not aware of iron metal. There is no clear timeline for Indus valley civilization. It is considered that they were active during 2900 BC to 1700 BC.
1123. Total number of Puranas
A
43
B
10
C
11
D
18
D
Correct Answer: D. 18
Explanation: There is a total of 18 Puranas. It contains many things all together like mythology, cosmology, various legends, folk belief, codes of law, miscellaneous topics. It has suggested a change in the mode of the warship from sacrifice to idol worship. It contains a description of an ancient legend that was heavily colored with superstitions. The Puranas are Brahma Puran, Vishnu Purana, Shiva Purana, Padma Purana, etc. The oldest purana is Matsya Purana.
3624. During which period the Vedic Literature was composed?
A
1500 B.C-1000 B.C.
B
1200 B.C-1000 B.C.
C
1000 B.C.
D
3000 B.C -2500 B.C.
A
Correct Answer: A. 1500 B.C-1000 B.C.
Explanation: Later Vedic Age: 1000—600 B.C
There are four Vedas: the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda. Each Veda has four subdivisions – the Samhitas (mantras and benedictions), the Aranyakas (text on rituals, ceremonies, sacrifices and symbolic-sacrifices), the Brahmanas (commentaries on rituals, ceremonies and sacrifices), and the Upanishads (texts discussing meditation, philosophy and spiritual knowledge). Some scholars add a fifth category – the Upasanas (worship). The texts of the Upanishads discuss ideas akin to the heterodox sramana-traditions.
5225. To which period of Indian history did Aryabhatta and Varahamihira (Scientist and Mathematician respectively) belong?
A
Pala period
B
Delhi Sultanate
C
Maurya period
D
Gupta period
D
Correct Answer: D. Gupta period
Explanation: Aryabhatiya and Surya Siddhanta were written Aryabhatta. He belongs to the Gupta period. He is credited with the invention of the decimal system and zero. He told for the first time that the Earth is not static, it rotates around the sun.
8226. Indica was written by
A
V. Smith
B
William Jones
C
Gondophernes
D
Megasthenes
D
Correct Answer: D. Megasthenes
Explanation: Indika was written by Megasthinis. He was an ambassador to Indian king Chandragupta Marya. He was from Greek and send by Seleucus I Nicator. Seleucus was defeated by the armies of the Maurya Empire and made peace by marrying his daughter to king Chandragupta and send Megasthinis in India as an ambassador.
4027. The word Aryan denotes
A
Pastoral society
B
Brahmachari
C
Cultivation
D
A race
D
Correct Answer: D. A race
Explanation: There are many opinions regarding the Aryans. But most accepted opinion is that Aryan is a linguistic group, not a race. The people who speak Indo-European language like Greek, Latine, Germany, Persia, etc had come to India is called Aryans. They considered themselves a Nobel class. They were first settled near Indo-Gangetic(present-day in Punjab) plane in India.
2128. Who composed 'Ai-hole' prasasti?
A
Harisena
B
Nayanikar
C
Kautilya
D
Rabikirti
D
Correct Answer: D. Rabikirti
Explanation: Aihole was located in the state of Karnataka and was the first capital of the Chalukyas. Many inscriptions have been found here but the inscription at the Meguti temple is popularly known as the Aihole Inscription. It contains many historical events of Chalukyas. It was written in Sanskrit and it uses the old Kannada script. There are also references to the defeat of Harshavardhana by Pulakesin II and the victory of the Chalukyas on Pallavas. There is a reference to the transfer of capital from Aihole to Badami by Pulakesin I. The Aihole inscription was written by Ravikirti, a court poet of the Chalukya king Pulakesin II. Pulakesin II ruled from 610 to 642 CE.
929. The Indus Valley Civilization belongs to the
A
Mesolithic period
B
Chalcolithic period
C
Neolithic period
D
Paleolithic period
B
Correct Answer: B. Chalcolithic period
Explanation: Indus Valley civilization is also known as Harappan civilization. It belongs to the Chalcolithic period and Bronze age. They were not aware of iron metal. There is no clear timeline for the Indus valley civilization. It is considered that they were active from 2900 BC to 1700 BC.
2830. How many Tirthankaras were there in ancient India?
A
23
B
24
C
16
D
22
B
Correct Answer: B. 24
Explanation: According to the Jains, a Tirthankara is a person who has conquered the cycle of death and rebirth by himself and paved the way for others to follow. There were 24 Tirthankars. The first Tirthankar was Rishabhanatha. The symbol used for him is the Bull. The 23rd Tirthankara was Parshvanath and the symbol used for him was Snake. The twenty-fourth Tirthankara was Mahavira and the symbol used for him was Lion. He was the original founder of Jainism.



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