Sunday, March 31, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

History of Ancient India MCQs For WBCS Exam P8


Page 8

3571. Buddha was born in
A
623 B.C
B
602 B.C
C
523 B.C
D
563 B.C
D
Correct Answer: D. 563 B.C
Explanation: According to Buddhist tradition, Gautama Buddha lived between 563 BCE to 483 BCE. He was born into an aristocratic family in the Shakya clan. Born in Lumbini near Kapilavastu, Nepal.
Info:
Parents:
Śuddhodana (father)
Maya Devi (mother)
Spouse: Yasodharā
Children: Rāhula
Other names: Shakyamuni ('Sage of the Shakyas')
Masters(Gurus): Alara Kalama and Uddaka Rāmaputta
Died(Mahaviniskrama): c. 483 BCE or 400 BCE (aged 80) Kushinagar, Malla Republic (according to the Buddhist tradition)
6472. The first historical emperor of ancient India was
A
Mahapadmananda
B
Bimbisara
C
Chandragupta Maurya
D
Samudragupta
C
Correct Answer: C. Chandragupta Maurya
Explanation: 1. 'Mahapadma Nanda was the first great historiacl emperor of Northern India' … Dr Radhakumud Mukharjee 2. 'First historical founder of a great empire in India' by Dr Hemchandra Raychaudhuri about Chandragupta Maurya
1073. Who wrote Ramcharita ?
A
Sandhyakara Nandi
B
Tulsi Das
C
Banabhatta
D
Kalidasa
A
Correct Answer: A. Sandhyakara Nandi
Explanation: Ramcharit was written in Sanskrit by Sandhyakar Nandi. He was a contemporary poet of the Pala kingdom of Bengal. A palm leaf manuscript of Ramcharitam, discovered by Hariprasad Shastri, a Bengali scholar, is preserved in the museum of the Calcutta Asiatic Society. Ramcharitmanas was written by Goswami Tulsidas in the Awadhi language.
2474. The Upanishads were compiled around
A
1000 BC
B
1600-600 BC
C
600 BC
D
800 BC
C
Correct Answer: C. 600 BC
Explanation: The Upanishads consist of a collection of religious and philosophical texts. It was written probably between 800 BCE and 500 BC. It was the time when the traditional Vedic religion has been questioned by Indian society.
11475. When did Ikhtiyaruddin Bakhtiyar Khalij invade Bengal?
A
1202 A.D
B
1206 A.D
C
1194 A.D
D
1199 A.D
A
Correct Answer: A. 1202 A.D
Explanation: He conquered Nabadwip from the old emperor Lakshmana Sena in 1203.
776. What was the policy of Samudragupta in the south?
A
Digvijay
B
Dharmavijaya
C
Conquest
D
None of the above
A
Correct Answer: A. Digvijay
Explanation:

This policy of Samudragupta is described as Digvijaya or defeating the enemy kings of the South, Grahana or getting the authority over the kingdoms and then Anugraha allowing them to rule their Kingdoms under his Suzerainty. In course of his Southern Campaign, he humbled as many as twelve princes.

5777. Chandragupta Maurya defeated of
A
Seleucus
B
Kalashoka
C
Poros
D
Alexander
A
Correct Answer: A. Seleucus
Explanation: Chandragupta overthrew the Nanda dynasty and then ascended to the throne of the Magadha kingdom, in present-day Bihar state, India, about 325 BCE. Alexander the Great died in 323, leaving Chandragupta to win the Punjab region about 322.
Eventually, then Chandragupta defeated the invasion led by Seleucus I, a Macedonian general from Alexander's army, and gained additional territory west of the Indus River.
2278. Indus-valley civilization is called
A
Stone Age
B
Iron Age
C
Urban
D
Rural
C
Correct Answer: C. Urban
Explanation: The most striking feature of the Indus Valley Civilization was its town planning. It was an urban civilization, whereas the Vedic period was rural in nature. Great Bath was found in both Horoppa and Mohenjo-Daro. Granary was the larges building of the Indus Valley civilization found in Mohenjo-Daro.
170679. Which part of Rig Veda considered to be written in later Veda age?
A
3rd mandala
B
7th mandala
C
9th mandala
D
10th mandala
D
Correct Answer: D. 10th mandala
Explanation: 1st and 10th mandala were written in the later Vedic age. 2nd to 9th mandala or books were written early Vedic era. The Vedic era is considered to be 1500 BC to 600 BC. Where 1000 BC to 600 BC is called the later Vedic era.
5680. Who among the Gupta rulers was known as 'Lichchavidauhitra'?
A
Kumaragupta
B
Skandagupta
C
Samudragupta
D
Chandragupta II
C
Correct Answer: C. Samudragupta
Explanation: Samudragupta was the greatest king of the Gupta dynasty and called the Hero of Hundred Battles and Napoleon of India. He never faced defeat in any battle in his life. He was the son of the Gupta emperor Chandragupta I and the Lichchhavi princess Kumaradevi.



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