Sunday, March 31, 2019

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

History of Ancient India MCQs For WBCS Exam P8

Page 8

36. During which period the Vedic Literature was composed?
(A) 1500 B.C-1000 B.C.
(B) 1200 B.C-1000 B.C.
(C) 1000 B.C.
(D) 3000 B.C -2500 B.C.

Correct Answer: [A] 1500 B.C-1000 B.C..
Explanation: Later Vedic Age: 1000—600 B.C
37. Who discovered the Indus Valley civilization?
(A) Rakhaldas Banerjee
(B) A. L. Basham
(C) Sir Leonard Wooley
(D) V. S. Agarwal

Correct Answer: [A] Rakhaldas Banerjee.
Explanation: An archaeological campaign was started under Sir John Hubert Marshall(Sir John Marshall). The other members are Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni and Madho Sarup Vats. They began excavating Harappa in 1921, finding buildings and artifacts indicative of an ancient civilization. These were soon complemented by discoveries at Mohenjo-Daro by Rakhal Das Banerjee, Ernest J. H. Mackay, and Marshall in 1922. By 1931, much of Mohenjo-Daro had been excavated.
38. Buddhist religious scripture Tripitaka was written in
(A) Bengali
(B) Pali
(C) Sanskrit
(D) Hindi

Correct Answer: [B] Pali.
Explanation: Tripitaka was written in Pali language. Pitaka means basket. The basket of expected discipline from monks (Vinaya Piṭaka), the basket of discourse (Sūtra Piṭaka, Nikayas), and the basket of special doctrine (Abhidharma Piṭaka).

    • Vinaya: the regulatory framework for the sangha.
    • Sutta: contains more than 10,000 suttas/teachings.
    • Abhidhamma: Philosophical and psychological analysis and interpretation of Buddhist doctrine.
39. The first permanent home of the Aryans in India was
(A) Sindh
(B) Gujarat
(C) Punjab
(D) Rajasthan

Correct Answer: [C] Punjab.
40. The word Aryan denotes
(A) Pastoral society
(B) Brahmachari
(C) Cultivation
(D) A race

Correct Answer: [D] A race.
Explanation: There are many opinions regarding the Aryans. But most accepted opinion is that Aryan is a linguistic group, not a race. The people who speak Indo-European language like Greek, Latine, Germany, Persia, etc had come to India is called Aryans. They considered themselves a Nobel class. They were first settled near Indo-Gangetic(present-day in Punjab) plane in India.


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