Saturday, April 11, 2020

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

Ancient Indian MCQ For Competitive Exam in India P25


Page 25

121. Which part of Rig Veda considered to be written in later Veda age?
(A) 3rd mandala
(B) 7th mandala
(C) 9th mandala
(D) 10th mandala

Correct Answer: [D] 10th mandala.
Explanation: 1st and 10th mandala were written in the later Vedic age. 2nd to 9th mandala or books were written early Vedic era. The Vedic era is considered to be 1500 BC to 600 BC. Where 1000 BC to 600 BC is called the later Vedic era.
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122. Satyameva Jayate was taken from which book?
(A) Budhacharita
(B) Arthasastra
(C) Mundaka Upnishida
(D) Mahabharata

Correct Answer: [C] Mundaka Upnishida.
Explanation: The Upanishads are a collection of texts of religious and philosophical nature, written in India probably between c. 800 BCE and c. 500 BCE. It played an important role in the development of spiritual ideas in ancient India, marking a transition from Vedic ritualism to new ideas and institutions. The Mundaka Upanishad contains the phrase Satyameva Jayate.
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123. What is the meaning of the word "Tripitaka"?
(A) Book
(B) Truth
(C) Conclusion
(D) Basket

Correct Answer: [D] Basket.
Explanation: Tripitaka means three baskets. These are Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, and Abhidhamma Pitaka. Vinaya Pitaka and Sutta Pitaka were compiled in the first Buddhist council in 483 BC, soon after the Mahaparinirvana of Gautam Buddha. It was organized under the patronage of Ajatshatru, at Rajgriha, in the Sattapani Cave.
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124. Dadashanga contains religious preach of?
(A) Budha
(B) Mahaveera
(C) Rishabhanatha
(D) Sankaracharya

Correct Answer: [B] Mahaveera.
Explanation: Agamas are texts of Jainism based on the discourses of the Tirthankara. Mahavira was the last Tirthankara(24th). The symbol used for him is the lion. 1st Tirthankara was Rishabhanatha and 23rd Tirthankara was Parshvanatha.
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125. Vikramankadevacharita contains the achievement of which king?
(A) Vikramaditya I
(B) Vikramaditya VI
(C) Vikramaditya II
(D) Skandagupta

Correct Answer: [B] Vikramaditya VI.
Explanation: Western Chalukya king Vikramaditya VI noted for his patronage of art and letters. Kashmiri poet Bilhana who came to his court and earned the title Vidyapati ("pundit"), and wrote a book on the life of his patron king in Vikramankadevacharita.
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