Tuesday, February 25, 2020

WBCS Polity and Constitution MCQs Prelims and Mains

GK Test For UPSC | SSC | Rail NTPC | RRB | State PSC P17


Page 17

81. An important port in the time of Satabahans was
(A) Mathura
(B) Pataliputra
(C) Sopara
(D) Taxila

Correct Answer: [C] Sopara.
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82. Indica was written by
(A) V. Smith
(B) William Jones
(C) Gondophernes
(D) Megasthenes

Correct Answer: [D] Megasthenes.
Explanation: Indika was written by Megasthinis. He was an ambassador to Indian king Chandragupta Marya. He was from Greek and send by Seleucus I Nicator. Seleucus was defeated by the armies of the Maurya Empire and made peace by marrying his daughter to king Chandragupta and send Megasthinis in India as an ambassador.
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83. The 'Ratha temples' of Mahabalipuram were constructed in the reign of
(A) Raja Raja
(B) Rajendra Chola
(C) Narasingha Varman I
(D) Narasingha Varman II

Correct Answer: [C] Narasingha Varman I.
Explanation: Also known as Pancha Rathas, located in the Coromandal coast, Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu. It was built at the time of Narasimhavarman I ( Pallava dynasty of Kanchi). Kailashnath temple was built at the time of Narasimhavarman II.
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84. Who among the following persons wrote Mitakshara?
(A) Bilhan
(B) Vijnanesvar
(C) Nyayachandra
(D) Gangadhar

Correct Answer: [B] Vijnanesvar.
Explanation: Mitaksara was considered as one of the main authorities on Hindu Law from the time of British laws in India. It is a legal commentary on the Yajnavalkya Smriti (is one of the many Dharma-related texts of Hinduism composed in Sanskrit) best known for its theory of "inheritance by birth." It was written by Vijñāneśvara, a scholar in the Western Chalukya court in the late eleventh and early twelfth century.
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85. The Khalimpur Copper Plate informs us about the military exploits of the Pala ruler
(A) Dharmapala
(B) Mahipala I
(C) Devapala
(D) Rampala

Correct Answer: [A] Dharmapala.
Explanation: Dharmapala was the real founder of the Pala dynasty. He took the title "Prameswara Parambhattrak". Patliputra was the capital during his time. He constructed the Vikram Shila and Somapuri mahabihar (monastic complex). He revived Nalanda. He organized the Kannoj assembly.
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